Scientists in the US and Britain have created a super enzyme that will be used in plastic recycling (all kinds of bottles made of plastic). With this, hard material like plastic can be recycled up to 6 times faster.
Because it costs so little, it will be used extensively. Scientists hope that plastic recycling can be a big success in tackling the pollution crisis. Jim Fendner, a professor of chemistry at the University of Washington, says that this is a really encouraging experiment, as around 360 million tones of plastic are produced worldwide every year.
Of this, 150 million tones remain on the ground only. The most worrying thing is that even in the ocean, plastic can remain intact for 450 years, and on the surface of the microplastic, it breaks down into the body of humans through fishes and other animals in the water, causing many kinds of microplastics. Serious diseases are occurring.
Here, Professor John McGeehan, director of Britain’s Center for Enzyme Innovation, says the super-enzyme can do plastic recycling and capable of turning into its original material or building blocks within a few days. This enzyme is made from a type of bacteria.
Even then, if the production of plastics does not decrease, then the amount of plastic waste can triple in the next 20 years.
Plastic recycling enzyme history.
In 2016, 2 types of enzymes were obtained from Bacteria in Japan. One of them was completely successful in breaking. But in 2018, Scientists used both enzymes together, then its breakdown speed increased by 6 times and plastic recycling can be done easily.
Recently according to research. Worldwide, 1 million plastic bottles of water are sold every minute. Also over 5 trillion (5 lakh crore) single-use plastic bags are used every year. Half of the total plastic product is used only once.