World Tiger’s Day
Tigers are now one of the species that are almost nearing extinction. Here’s some facts and save the tiger with us …
This day is also known as Global Tiger Day. As we know that since the beginning of the 20th century, there has been a rapid decline in the tiger population around the world but the good news is that now their numbers are increasing. Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar released the All India Tiger Estimation Report-2018 and a poster on Small Wild Cats of India on the eve of Global Tiger Day on 28 July.
He pointed out that “India is home to about 70% of the tiger population and it leads the world”. Further, he said that apart from tigers, India also has 30 thousand elephants, 3000 one-horned rhinos and more than 500 lions. He also said that the country sustains about 8% of the world’s eco-diversity due to lack of material resources.
Tiger’s Day History
Global Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness about this magnificent but endangered big cat. The day was established in 2010, when 13 tiger range countries came together to form Tx2 – the global goal of doubling the number of wild tigers by the year 2022.
2016 marks the halfway point of this ambitious goal and this year has been one of the most united and exciting Global Tiger Days yet. WWF offices, organisations, celebrities, government officials, families, friends and individuals around the world came together in support of the #ThumbsUpForTigers campaign – showing the tiger range countries that there is worldwide support for tiger conservation efforts and the Tx2 goal.
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Reason behind: declining population of tigers
- Poaching and illegal trade: For traditional Chinese medicines, tigers face the problem of poaching because every part of the tiger’s body is in demand. In the illegal trade in wildlife, they hold high value.
- Habitat loss: Nowadays and with increasing population, the number of forests is decreasing. The deforestation due to various reasons like agriculture, industry etc. has resulted in the loss of about 93% of the natural habitats of tigers.
- Climate change: The rise in sea level due to climate change has wiped out the Sundarbans, which is one of the habitats of the Royal Bengal Tigers.
- Many diseases are also major factors. Many animals die and there is no way to ascertain the cause of their death. Some diseases cause epidemics such as feline panleukopenia, tuberculosis, etc.
- A Wildlife Institute of India (WII) study in the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve (RTR) states that the tiger population in the park has shown loss of genetic diversity over the years.
- Habitat degradation: Big cats want safe and disturbance-free habitats to survive, but there is a major threat to tigers due to many developmental activities in protected areas (PA) landscapes.
- Human-animal conflict also affects the population of big cats.
- Lack of security infrastructure.
- Increasing day by day tourism is also a reason for the decline in the number of tigers.